Reconstructive Facial Flap Surgery
What is reconstructive facial flap surgery?
This is a type of surgery where healthy tissue is moved to a different part of the body to replace damaged tissue, muscle mass, or cover up scarring on the face.
Why get reconstructive facial flap surgery?
This procedure is typically used after a patient has had a trauma or scarring of the face. It may also be performed when removing skin cancer tissues from the face. The flap is used rather than a skin graft because there’s a higher rate of success when using tissue that is already connected to the patient’s blood supply. Additionally, the coloring appears more natural when a flap is used.
Flaps are pieces of skin that are connected to a major artery or vein. They are used to connect skin when tissue is missing in certain areas. There are two major flaps used in plastic surgery:
1. Local (Pedicled) Flap: These flaps remain attached to their original vein or artery, though they are adjusted to cover adjacent tissue. Within these flaps, there are four types frequently used:
a. Advancement flap: the flap is pulled forward to reach affected area.
b. Rotation: the flap is rotated around a central point to cover affected area.
c. Transposition: the flap moves laterally from a central point to the adjacent area.
d. Interpolation: the flap moves from the central point, but not to an adjacent area. With interpolation, the flap will pass over healthy tissue to reach the affected area. The flap will be disconnected from the original site in a later surgery.
2. Free Flap: in this procedure, the flap is detached from a different area on the body and reconnected to the blood supply where the tissue is either missing or scarred.
After the Surgery
After having reconstructive facial surgery, there will be some expected swelling and bruising that will go down with icing and elevation. Dr. Khan and our team will give you any additional information you may need for post-surgery care. If all heals accordingly, sutures will be removed after about a week at our office. After about two weeks, you should be able to return to daily activities and light exercise.
If you experience any infection, bleeding, continuous pain, discoloration, or loss of sensation, call our offices at 734-419-1615 to set up an appointment. Our team is always ready to help make sure you’re healthy and happy after surgery.
Please never assume anything about a medical procedure. Ask lots of questions and pay attention to the answers, check out testimonials online. It is imperative that you receive qualified medical advice about any plastic surgery procedure. You should discuss your health needs at every stage of the process from the initial consultation all the way through recovery. An initial consultation with Dr. Shaher W. Khan (M.D.) will offer you an opportunity to chat about any and all of the questions you have about the process and the surgeries we offer. Dr. Khan serves the entire Detroit metro area. Call 734-419-1615 or contact us today.